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The Cold War (Phase I) 1945-1961

At the end of the Second World War (1945), Germany had been invaded from the east and the west. The result was that Germany was divided in two: East Germany & West Germany. What were the official names of both countries?

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In January 1942, 26 nations signed the Declaration of the United Nations and in 1945, 50 nations signed the United Nations Charter. The aim of the UN was to maintain global peace and settle conflicts through international law. What are the names of the two chambers of the UN?


"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent." On March 5th, 1946, Winston Churchill gave a speech in Fulton, USA, describing the situation in Europe. What did the 'Iron Curtain' refer to?


In 1949, Britain, USA and ten other Western nations signed a treaty to defend each other in the event of attack by another state. What was the name of this military alliance?


In response to the Western nations forming NATO, USSR and it's satellite states in Eastern Europe formed the Warsaw Pact Alliance in May 1955. Which of the following sets of Eastern European countries were members of the Warsaw Pact Alliance?

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The two Superpowers, USA and USSR, each headed their respective military alliances. Which of the following statements accurately describes the differences between the Eastern Bloc (USSR) and Western Bloc (USA & Western Europe)?


Berlin, which was located deep inside East Germany (GDR), was divided into four zones of occupation; one each for the victorious allies, USSR, USA, Britain & France. Using the map provided can you identify which of the following statements accurately reflects the four zones of occupation.

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Between June 1948 & May 1949, Stalin & USSR blockaded the western zones of Berlin; the American, British & French sectors. For what reason did he blockade these parts of Berlin?

berlin blockade 2

While Stalin blockaded the city by closing all road and rail access from the border between East Germany & West Germany, the Western Allies planned to re-supply Western Berlin with airlifts into the city on a daily basis . What was the name of the operation and the record number of flights into Berlin in one day?


The Korean War (1950-1953) began when Soviet-backed North Koreans invaded across the boundary that separated the communist Peoples' Republic of North Korea and the pro-Western Republic of Korea (south). Today, it is still divided along this famous border. What is the name of this border?


On 4th October 1957, the USSR launched the first man-made satellite into space, beginning the 'Space Race'. What was the name of this satellite?


The Berlin Wall was constructed to stop East Berliners escaping to West Berlin. During what time period did it exist, from its earliest version (barbed wire fence) to its eventual removal (1989)?

Timeline R Kennedy B

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