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Q.1
The British Government offered negotiations to Dáil Eireann in 1921 after a series of communications which resulted in a truce on 11th of July 1921. Why did the British declare a truce and offer negotiations at this time?

David Lloyd George

Q.2
Before the negotiations could begin, controversy surrounded who should go as part of the Sinn Féin Delegation to represent Dáil Eireann. What was DeValera's stated reasons for not attending?

130px Eamon de Valera c 1922 30

Q.3
The choice of delegates and their representative powers caused further controversy before the negotiations even began. Those that went as part of the delegation felt that they had the power of 'Plenipotentiaries'. What does 'Plenipotentiary' mean?

1225220px Plenipotentiary

Q.4
After initial meetings between Lloyd George & Eamon DeValera in July 1921, which heralded few agreements, full negotiations began on October 7th, 1921. Which of the following groups was the delegation of Cabinet Ministers & TDs to attend formal negotiations? (exclude secretaries & assistants)

michael collins in london 1921

Q.5
DeValera gave the delegation a copy of 'Draft Treaty A' in the hope that either 'External Association' or something very close to it could and would be accepted by the British. What was 'External Association'?

dev

Q.6
The formal negotiations began on October 7th, 1921. Which of the following groups made up the senior representatives of the British Delegation in London

grouptreaty.291121126 std

Q.7
As the negotiations continued through October 1921, the focus of the Irish delegation was to extract key concessions on the question of 'essential unity' of a proposed new Irish State. Full plenary seesions were replaced by more intimate meetings between Griffith & Collins on the Irish side and Lloyd George & Chamberlain on the British side. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the central obstacles to agreement?

Downing St Negotiations

Q.8
The British response to 'External Association' was the eventual counter-proposal of 'Dominion Status'. The British insisted that no matter what the outcome, Britain had to retain at least some symbolic inclusion in any new Irish State. What was the essential difference between 'External Association' & 'Dominion Status'?

Q.9
At the beginning of December 1921, the British pressed the Irish delegation hard on the issue of accepting a Boundary Commission to look at territorial claims viz-a-vis Northern Ireland while threatening to resume immediate war if British involvement in a new Irish State was not accepted. While the Irish delegation were very slow to accept such terms, they eventually agreed and signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty on December 6th, 1921. What did this Treaty essentially grant Dáil Eireann?

signing the anglo irish treaty 1922

Q.10
The Anglo-Irish Treaty caused huge divisions between the members of Sinn Féin. On what points of the Treaty did a split occur in Sinn Féin, eventually leading to a Civil War in 1922?

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